In the book Postmillennialism, Loraine Boettner, a noted postmillennial apologist, has stated: ‘We have defined Postmillennialism as that view of the last things which holds that the Kingdom of God is now being extended in the world through the preaching of the Gospel and the saving work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of individuals, that the world eventually is to be Christianized, and that the return of Christ is to occur at the close of a long period of righteousness and peace commonly called the "Millennium." It should be added that on postmillennial principles the second coming of Christ will be followed immediately by the general resurrection, the general judgment, and the introduction of heaven and hell in their fullness. The Millennium to which the Postmillennialist looks forward is thus a golden age of spiritual prosperity during this present dispensation, that is, during the Church age, and is to be brought about through forces now active in the world. It is an indefinitely long period of time, perhaps much longer than a literal one thousand years. The changed character of individuals will be reflected in an uplifted social, economic, political and cultural life of mankind. The world at large will then enjoy a state of righteousness such as at the present time has been seen only in relatively small and isolated groups, as for example in some family circles, some local church groups and kindred organizations. This does not mean that there ever will be a time on this earth when every person will be a Christian, or that all sin will be abolished. But it does mean that evil in all its many forms eventually will be reduced to negligible proportions, that Christian principles will be the rule, not the exception, and that Christ will return to a truly Christianized world. Postmillennialism further holds that the universal proclamation of the Gospel and the ultimate conversion of the large majority of men in all nations during the present dispensation was the express command and meaning and promise of the Great Commission given by Christ Himself. when He said: "All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth. Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world" (Matt. 28:18- 20). We believe that the Great Commission includes not merely the formal and external announcement of the Gospel preached as a "witness" to the nations, as the Premillennialists and Amillennialists hold, but the true and effectual evangelization of all the nations so that the hearts and lives of the people are transformed by it. That seems quite clear from the fact that all authority in heaven and on earth and an endless sweep of conquest has been given to Christ and through Him to His disciples specifically for that purpose. The disciples were commanded not merely to preach, but to make disciples of all the nations. It was no doubtful experiment to which they were called, but to a sure triumph. The preaching of the Gospel under the direction of the Holy Spirit and during this dispensation is, therefore, the all-sufficient means for the accomplishment of that purpose. We must acknowledge that the Church during the past nineteen centuries has been extremely negligent in her duty, and that the crying need of our time is for her to take seriously the task assigned to her. Instead of discussions of social and economic and political problems, book reviews and entertaining platitudes from the pulpit the need is for sermons with real Gospel content, designed to change lives and to save souls. The charge of negligence applies, of course, not only to ministers, but equally to the laity. Every individual Christian is called to give his witness and to show his faith by personal testimony, or through the distribution of the printed word, or through the generous and effective use of his time and money for Christian purposes. Christ commanded the evangelization of the world. That is our task. Surely He will not, and in fact cannot, come back and say to His Church, "Well done, good and faithful servant," until that task has been accomplished’ (from

Amillennialism differs from Postmillennialism, for Lorraine Boettner says: ‘Amillennialism differs from Postmillennialism in that it holds that the world is not to be Christianized before the end comes, that the world will in fact continue much as it now is, with a parallel and continuous development of both good and evil, of the Kingdom of God and the kingdom of Satan. It agrees with Postmillennialism, however, in asserting that Christ does not establish an earthly, political kingdom, and that His return will be followed by a general resurrection and general judgment. Post- and Amillennialists thus agree that the Kingdom of Christ in this world is not political and economic, but spiritual and now present in the hearts of His people and outwardly manifested in the Church. Amillennialism, as the term implies, does not set forth a Millennium at all. Some Amillennialists apply the term to the entire Christian era between the first and second advent of Christ. Some apply it to a relatively Christian and peaceful era, such as the Church enjoyed after the bitter persecution of the first three centuries, at which time Emperor Constantine made Christianity the preferred religion of the Roman Empire. Others apply it to the intermediate state. The position of the Amillennialist does not necessarily preclude him from believing that the world may be Christianized before the end comes, but most Amillennialists have not so held. Rather they have preferred to say that there probably will not be much relative change.’

To sum up, postmillennialists affirm that the millennium is a period of one thousand years of universal peace and righteousness in this world, which precedes the return of Jesus Christ to earth in judgement. However, postmillennialists are divided as to whether or not the period of time is a literal one thousand years, and whether or not the millennial age begins abruptly or gradually. Some see the millennial age as entirely future, others argue that it may have already begun to gradually emerge. Postmillennialists also disagree as to the events that mark the beginning of the millennial age. Therefore, the difference between amillennial and postmillennial Christians centers upon the character and length of the millennial age. Postmillennialists see the millennial age as commencing at some point during the present age, and as a period in which the kingdom of God triumphs over the kingdoms of this world. Amillennialists see the millennial age as occupying the entire period of time between the first and second coming Christ. Generally speaking, amillennialists see the millennial age as one of both the triumph of the spiritual kingdom of God and the corresponding rise of evil in opposition. According to postmillennialists, there will be universal preaching and acceptance of the Gospel, and a complete and total victory of the kingdom of God, over the forces of Satan and unbelief. Postmillennialism is an optimistic eschatology of the victory grace of God in subduing evil in the world. During this period Satan will be effectually bound by the triumph of grace. At the end of the millennial period, Christ will return in judgement (the "great throne judgement"), the resurrection will take place, and there will be the creation of a new heaven and earth.

The following men hold to Postmillennialism. Rev. David Brown, a Scotch Presbyterian minister, and a considerable number of systematic theologians, the Hodges at Princeton (Drs. Charles, Archibald A., and Caspar Waster Hodge, Jr., the latter having been the writer's revered teacher), Dr. W. G. T. Shedd, Dr. Robert L. Dabney, Dr. Henry B. Smith, Dr, Augustus H. Strong, and Dr. Benjamin B. Warfield. Probably the most influential books from the postmillennial viewpoint have been The Second Advent, by David Brown (1848, revised 1849), which for many years was recognized as the standard work on the subject, and Dr. Charles Hodge's Systematic Theology (1871). In more recent times Dr. Warfield (died, 1921) has been recognized as the outstanding postmillennial theologian. His influence was exerted through a period of more than thirty-three years as Professor of Systematic Theology in Princeton Theological Seminary and as Editor of the Presbyterian and Reformed Review and later as one of the chief contributors to the Princeton Theological Review. The following recent books have been written from the postmillennial viewpoint: Israel and the New Covenant (1954), by Roderick Campbell; Thy kingdom Come (1974), by R. J. Rushdoony; The Puritan Hope (1971), by lain Murray (England); An Eschatology of Victory (1974), by Marcellus J. Kik; and Christ's Second Coming: Will It Be Premillennial? (1990), by David Brown.




The Holy Scriptures teach that the large majority of those who hear the Gospel will not be saved, for it is written that “many are called, but few chosen” (Matthew 20:16 – NKJV), and that there are few who find the way which leads to life (cf. Matthew 7:14). The flock of the Lord was a little flock in the days of Jesus and in the days of the apostles as well, and it will always be a little flock (cf. Luke 12:32) till the coming of the Lord. In every nation there will be a few sons of the Kingdom; in some nations the sons of the Kingdom will be more than in some others, but the fact still remains that the Church will always consist of a few sheep on the earth. This means that most of the people who live on the earth will not be saved. Thus the world will continue to be an evil world till the coming of the Lord. According to the Scripture things will not improve but will get worse, for Jesus said that “because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold” (Matthew 24:12 – NKJV), and Paul said that in the last days “perilous times will come: for men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good, traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure than lovers of God, having a form of godliness but denying its power” (2 Timothy 3:1-5 – NKJV). That the state of the world when Jesus returns will be an extremely sinful state is evident from the following words of Jesus: “And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all. Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all. Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed” (Luke 17:26-30) How did people conduct themselves in the days of Noah? How did the inhabitants of Sodom conduct themselves in the days of Lot? According to the Scripture they led a sinful life, for it is written that in the days of Noah “the wickedness of man was great in the earth” and “every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” (Genesis 6:5 - NKJV), and in the days of Lot the inhabitants of Sodom were haughty and committed abomination before God (cf. Ezekiel 16:50). That’s what life on earth will be like when the Lord returns. As you can see, no golden age will precede the return of Jesus, for the world will be corrupt and filled with violence when Jesus returns. Therefore, inasmuch as the world will continue to be an evil world till the coming of Christ, the Church will be hated and persecuted by the people of this world till the return of Jesus. Did Jesus not say: “You will be hated by all nations for My name’s sake” (Matthew 24:9 - NKJV)? Did He not say to His disciples: “If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you” (John 15:20 – NKJV)? Did Paul not say that “all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution” (2 Timothy 3:12 – NKJV)?

In addition, many false prophets will rise up and deceive many (cf. Matthew 24:11), nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines, pestilences, and earthquakes in various places (cf. Matthew 24:7)

Furthermore, according to the Scripture, a short time before Jesus returns from heaven the antichrist will be revealed. The antichrist is the man of sin, who will exalt himself above all that is called God or that is worshipped (cf. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4), whom will be given authority over every tribe, tongue, and nation, and it will be granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them (cf. Revelation 13:7). Therefore, before Jesus returns from heaven the world will be under the rule of the antichrist, who will persecute the Church to the death. However, when Jesus returns from heaven He will destroy the man of sin with the brightness of His coming (cf. 2 Thessalonians 2:8), and “the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High” (Daniel 7:27 – NKJV).

As you can see, according to the Bible, this world will not be Christianized, there will be no golden age of spiritual prosperity during this present dispensation for things will go from bad to worse. Know this, that all those who teach Postmillennialism deceive people. Therefore beware of them.

The Millennium is not a golden age which is to occur before the return of Christ, but it is a thousand-year reign which will be established on the earth by the Lord Jesus Christ when He returns. Here is what the apostle John says in the book of Revelation concerning the millennium: “And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations any more until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time. I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony for Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or his image and had not received his mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended.) This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy are those who have part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years” (Revelations 20:1-6 – NIV). Therefore, when Christ returns from heaven the dead in Christ will be raised from the dead (this is the first resurrection) and those who are living will be changed, and all of them will reign with Christ for a thousand years. During this earthly reign Satan will not be able to deceive the nations for at the coming of Christ he will be bound and thrown into the Abyss, where he will be kept until the end of the millennium. You will ask me now, ‘What will happen after the Millennium?’ When the thousand years are ended, Satan will be released from his prison and he will deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth to gather them for battle. These nations will surround the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire will come down from heaven and devour them (cf. Revelation 20:7-9). Then Satan will be cast into the lake of fire (cf. Revelation 20:10), the rest of the dead will be raised from the dead (this is the second resurrection) and they will be judged according to their works (cf. Revelation 20:11-15), and after the judgement God will create new heavens and a new earth, and the New Jerusalem – the heavenly city – will descend upon the new earth, and there the saints will reign forever and ever (cf. Revelation cap. 21-22). All these things are still to come, and we look forward to seeing them. We are sure that they will take place at God’s appointed time.