18. How was established in the Bible that Noah lived 950 years, since at that time people did not know the calendar? Was one year really composed of 12 months?




In the light of the Scripture, I can say to you that even in Noah’s days men were able to establish not only when the days began and finished, but also when the months and the years began and finished. They could do that by observing the sun, the moon and the stars. For these lights (even though the luminosity of the moon is not its own in that it reflects the luminosity of the sun, the moon is still a light that gives light on the earth) were created by God not only to separate the day from the night, but also to serve as signs to mark seasons, and days and years. Here is what the Scripture says: “And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. And the evening and the morning were the fourth day” (Genesis 1:14-19).

Therefore, from the beginning man was able to establish when each day started and finished; he was able to establish when each month started and finished (concerning this, it was the new moon that announced the beginning of every new month) as well as when each year started and finished.

I am persuaded that if God gave man the necessary ability and intelligence to give names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field (Genesis 2:20), he gave man also the intelligence to count his own years and those of the other men.

I don’t see any reason to think that in the days of Adam, as well as in the days of Noah, men – through the intelligence God had given to them – could not count and distinguish the months and the years but only the days. In other words, I don’t see any reason to think that they had not a calendar, for they had in the firmament of the heavens all the things they needed to make a calendar.

You ask me if a year in the days of Noah was really composed of 12 months. My answer is ‘Yes.’ I will show you from the Bible the following proofs to support my answer.

The ark of Noah rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat (Genesis 8:4), thus exactly 5 months after the beginning of the flood (Genesis 7:11), or 150 days after, because it is written that “after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated” (Genesis 8:3).

In the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen (Genesis 8:5).

It came to pass, at the end of forty days, that Noah sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground, but the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth (Genesis 8:6-9). After other seven days again he sent forth the dove out of the ark and the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf plucked off (Genesis 8:10-11), and after other seven days he again sent forth the dove which returned not again unto him any more (Genesis 8:12).

It came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, that the waters were dried up from off the earth (Genesis 8:13); and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.

Now, considering that Noah in two occasions waited for seven days before sending forth the dove, I think that he removed the covering seven days after he senth forth the last dove, thus he removed the covering of the ark two months after the tops of the mountains were seen (they were seen in the tenth month, on the first day of the month), for 40 days + 7 + 7 + 7 is 61 days. And the date that comes out is the year 601, first month and first day of the month. Therefore if we add to the tenth month other two months we have a total of 12 months.